1. Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America, and the 4th most
common tumor diagnosed worldwide.

2. In the United States, 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime.
For men of African descent, 1 in 5 men will develop the disease.

3. A man of African descent is 74% more likely to develop prostate cancer than a
Caucasian man, and is nearly 2.3 times more likely to die from the disease.

4. In 2018, nearly 165,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and more than
29,000 men will die from the disease. One new case occurs every 3.2 minutes and
a man dies from prostate cancer every 18 minutes.

5. A non-smoking man is more likely to develop prostate cancer than he is to develop
colon, bladder, melanoma, lymphoma and kidney cancers combined.

6. It is estimated that more than 4 million American men are living with prostate cancer.

7. As men increase in age, their risk of developing prostate cancer increases
exponentially. About 6 in 10 cases are found in men over the age of 65.

8. Men with relatives—father, brother, son—with a history of prostate cancer are twice
as likely to develop the disease.

9. If the cancer is caught at its earliest stages, most men will not experience
any symptoms.

10. 99% of patients live 5 years or longer after diagnosis.

1.   Eat fewer calories or exercise more so that you maintain a healthy weight.

2.  Try to keep the amount of fat you get from red meat and dairy products to a minimum.

3.  Watch your calcium intake. Do not take supplemental doses far above the recommended daily allowance. Some calcium is OK, but avoid taking more than 1,500 mg of calcium a day.

4. Eat more fish – evidence from several studies suggest that fish can help protect against prostate cancer because they have “good fat” particularly omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid trans fatty acids (found in margarine).

5.  Try to incorporate cooked tomatoes that are cooked with olive oil, which has also been shown to be beneficial, and cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli and cauliflower) into many of your weekly meals. Soy and green tea are also potential dietary components that may be helpful.

6.  Avoid smoking for many reasons. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.

7.  Seek medical treatment for stress, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and depression. Treating these conditions may save your life and will improve your survivorship with prostate cancer

8.  What about supplements? Avoid over-supplementation with megavitamins. Too many vitamins, especially folate, may “fuel the cancer”, and while a multivitamin is not likely to be harmful, if you follow a healthy diet with lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and healthy oils you likely do not even need a multivitamin. Ask your doctor about herbal supplements as some may harm you.

9.  Relax and enjoy life. Reducing stress in the workplace and home will improve your survivorship and lead to a longer, happier life.

10.  Finally, although living a healthy lifestyle and eating right are good for you, they will not eliminate your risk of prostate cancer, nor will they cure you by themselves if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer. If you are age 50 or over, if you are age 40 or over and African-American or have a family history of prostate cancer, you need more than a good diet. You should consider a yearly rectal examination and PSA test, and you should discuss the risks and benefits of these screening procedures with your doctor.

Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America, affecting 1 in 9 men.

In 2018, nearly 165,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and more than 29,000 men will die from the disease. One new case occurs every 3.2 minutes and
a man dies from prostate cancer every 18 minutes.

It is estimated that more than 4 million American men are living with prostate cancer.

A non-smoking man is more likely to develop prostate cancer than he is to develop colon, bladder, melanoma, lymphoma and kidney cancers combined.

As men increase in age, their risk of developing prostate cancer increases exponentially. Although only 1 in 403 under age 50 will be diagnosed, the rate shoots up to 1 in 58 for ages 50 to 59, and 1 in 21 for ages 60 to 69. About 60% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65 and 97% occur in men 50 years of age and older.

African-American men are 74% more likely to develop prostate cancer compared with Caucasian men and nearly 2.5 times as likely to die from the disease. You can read more about prostate cancer in African-American men here.

Men with a single first-degree relative—father, brother or son—with a history of prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop the disease, while those with two or more relatives are nearly four times as likely to be diagnosed. The risk is highest in men whose family members were diagnosed before age 65.

As with all cancers, “cure” rates for prostate cancer describe the percentage of patients likely remaining disease-free for a specific time. In general, the earlier the cancer is caught, the more likely it is for the patient to remain disease-free.

Because approximately 90% of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and regional stages, the cure rate for prostate cancer is very high—nearly 100% of men diagnosed at this stage will be disease-free after five years. By contrast, in the 1970s, only 67% of men diagnosed with local or regional prostate cancer were disease-free after five years.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

If the cancer is caught at its earliest stages, most men will not experience any symptoms. Some men, however, will experience symptoms such as frequent, hesitant, or burning urination, difficulty in having an erection, or pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or upper thighs.

Because these symptoms can also indicate the presence of other diseases or disorders, men who experience any of these symptoms will undergo a thorough work-up to determine the underlying cause of the symptoms. You can read more about prostate cancer symptoms here.

 

If there are no symptoms, how is prostate cancer detected?

Screening for prostate cancer can be performed in a physician’s office using two tests: the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test and the digital rectal exam (DRE).

 

There are a wide variety of treatment options available for men with prostate cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy, any or all of which might be used at different times depending on the stage of disease and the need for treatment.

Consultation with all three types of prostate cancer specialists—a urologist, a radiation oncologist and a medical oncologist—will offer the most comprehensive assessment of the available treatments and expected outcomes. For men with advanced disease or an increased risk due to family history or lifestyle, precision treatments based on genetic screening may be recommended.

More information regarding treatments for prostate cancer can be found on our website here.

 

Additional information about prostate cancer can be found through our Understanding Prostate Cancer section, our guides and the Treatment Options section of our website. You can order a paper copy or download our guides in pdf format here.

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) is the world's leading philanthropic organization funding and accelerating prostate cancer research. Founded in 1993, PCF has raised more than $765 million and provided funding to more than 2,000 research programs at more than 210 cancer centers and universities. The PCF global research enterprise extends to 22 countries and funds a robust research portfolio. PCF advocates for greater awareness of prostate cancer and more efficient investment of governmental research funds for transformational cancer research. Its efforts have helped produce a 20-fold increase in government funding for prostate cancer.

The Prostate Cancer Foundation has accomplished a great deal, but there is still much more to do. Please join us in this race to find a cure for prostate cancer and donate today.

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